Search here for evidence-based reports and resources about remote Australia

Remote Australia is a vast and complex area. To create opportunity, foster social inclusion and drive economic development in this region, you need a comprehensive knowledge base to drive change.

Remote Australia Online is exactly that. It’s an online platform that delivers authoritative research on topics that impact this region and its people, including education and its pathways, policy, business, social and cultural welfare, infrastructure, communication and natural resource management.

Remote Australia Online is for those who want to delve deeper into the complexities of remote Australia: its intricate and interconnected networks, the geographical, social, cultural and environmental influences, its opportunities, challenges, and to understand just what makes this unique region tick.

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Through the eyes of students: the satisfaction of remote Indigenous boarding students’ with a transition support service in Queensland, Australia

  • Authors: Redman-MacLaren, Michelle, Benveniste, Tessa, McCalman, Janya, Rutherford, Katrina, Britton, Amelia, Langham, Erika, Stewart, Richard, Saunders, Pat, Kinchin, Irina, Bainbridge, Roxanne
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Published: 2019

More than 4000 Indigenous Australian students enrol and take up a placement at boarding school each year. While reasons for attending boarding school vary, the impetus for many remote and…

Observing and respecting diverse knowledge traditions in a digital archive of Indigenous language materials

  • Authors: Bow, Catherine, Hepworth, Patricia
  • Published: 2019

Australian copyright law and Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property (ICIP) have always sat uncomfortably together, each with their own internal logic and legitimacy, but forcing certain arrangements and compromises when…

Factors affecting the development of school and Indigenous community engagement: A systematic review

  • Authors: Lowe, Kevin, Harrison, Neil, Tennent, Christine, Guenther, John, Vass, Greg, Moodie, Nikki
  • Published: 2019

School systems and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders have long acknowledged the levels of social, cultural and epistemic conflict that has historically existed between teachers and schools, and Aboriginal students,…

HTLV-1 is rare in Far North Queensland despite a significant burden of classically associated diseases

  • Authors: Smith, Simon, Russell, Darren, Horne, Peter, Hanson, Josh
  • Published: 2019

Summary Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is hyperendemic amongst Indigenous Australians living in Central Australia. The epidemiology of the disease is poorly defined in other parts of Australia, despite…

Collaborating for sustainable water and energy management: Assessment and categorisation of Indigenous involvement in remote Australian communities

  • Authors: Jackson, Melissa, Stewart, Rodney A., Fielding, Kelly S., Cochrane, Jessie, Beal, Cara D.
  • Published: 2019

Indigenous peoples living in remote areas are often reliant on Governments for essential services and local economic development opportunities. Collaboration and partnership in resource planning and management is espoused as…

Salivary characteristics and dental caries experience in remote Indigenous children in Australia: a cross-sectional study

  • Authors: Lalloo, R., Tadakamadla, S. K., Kroon, J., Tut, O., Kularatna, S., Boase, R., Kapellas, K., Gilchrist, D., Cobbledick, E., Rogers, J., Johnson, N. W.
  • Published: 2019

While associations between salivary characteristics and dental caries have been well studied, we are not aware of this being assessed in a remote Indigenous child population, where lifestyles may be…

Reviewing reliance on overseas-trained doctors in rural Australia and planning for self-sufficiency: applying 10 years' MABEL evidence

  • Authors: O’Sullivan, Belinda, Russell, Deborah J., McGrail, Matthew R., Scott, Anthony
  • Published: 2019

Background: The capacity for high-income countries to supply enough locally trained doctors to minimise their reliance on overseas-trained doctors (OTDs) is important for equitable global workforce distribution. However, the ability…

Rethinking evaluation for improved health outcomes: Implications for remote Australia

  • Authors: Carey, Timothy A., Fauth, James M., Tremblay, George C.
  • Published: 2019

Despite enduring and unacceptable disparities in health outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians as well as people living in rural and remote locations, evidence indicates that health services…

What counts? The influence of school attendance on Australia’s urban Indigenous students’ educational achievement

  • Authors: Baxter, Lindy P., Meyers, Noel M.
  • Published: 2019

Formal primary and secondary school education for all students should provide a pathway to overcome inequality and disadvantage. Logically, attending school regularly and often during the compulsory years of school…

The picture talk project: Aboriginal community input on consent for research

  • Authors: Fitzpatrick, Emily FM, Macdonald, Gaynor, Martiniuk, Alexandra LC, Oscar, June, D’Antoine, Heather, Carter, Maureen, Lawford, Tom, Elliott, Elizabeth J
  • Published: 2019

Background: The consent and community engagement process for research with Indigenous communities is rarely evaluated. Research protocols are not always collaborative, inclusive or culturally respectful. If participants do not trust…

Accessibility of primary, specialist, and allied health services for Aboriginal people living in rural and remote communities: Protocol for a mixed-methods study

  • Authors: Macniven, Rona, Hunter, Kate, Lincoln, Michelle, O’Brien, Ciaran, Jeffries Jr, Thomas Lee, Shein, Gregory, Saxby, Alexander, Taylor, Donna, Agius, Tim, Finlayson, Heather, Martin, Robyn, Kong, Kelvin, Nolan-Isles, Davida, Tobin, Susannah, Gwynne, Kylie
  • Published: 2019

Background: Primary, specialist, and allied health services can assist in providing equitable access in rural and remote areas, where higher proportions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (Aboriginal Australians)…

Linear lengthening intonation in English on Croker Island: Identifying substrate origins

  • Authors: Mailhammer, Robert, Caudal, Patrick
  • Published: 2019

The topic of this paper is a striking intonation contour which is found in English on Croker Island, NT, Australia, which is labelled Linear Lengthening Intonation. This contour is formally…

The relationship between low adult literacy levels and Aboriginal family and community engagement in educational decision making

  • Authors: Ratcliffe, Ruth, Boughton, Bob
  • Published: 2019

This article draws on work with communities in the rural and remote towns of Brewarrina, Wilcannia and Enngonia, New South Wales (NSW) to explore the relationship between low adult literacy…

Costs and effects of higher turnover of nurses and Aboriginal health practitioners and higher use of short-term nurses in remote Australian primary care services: an observational cohort study

  • Authors: Zhao, Yuejen, Russell, Deborah Jane, Guthridge, Steven, Ramjan, Mark, Jones, Michael P, Humphreys, John S, Wakerman, John
  • Published: 2019

Objectives To compare the costs and effects of higher turnover of resident nurses and Aboriginal health practitioners and higher use of agency-employed nurses in remote primary care (PC) services and…

Evidence that the functional extinction of small mammals facilitates shrub encroachment following wildfire in arid Australia

  • Authors: Gordon, Christopher E., Letnic, Mike
  • Published: 2019

Woody shrub encroachment has been linked to environmental changes associated with pastoralism, such as fire regime shifts and overgrazing, throughout Earth's rangelands. Extinction of native fauna that are consumers of…

Could adoption of the rural pipeline concept redress Australian optometry workforce issues?

  • Authors: Kirkman, Jacqueline M, Bentley, Sharon A, Armitage, James A, Woods, Craig A
  • Published: 2019

People living in rural and remote areas have poorer ocular health outcomes compared with those living in metropolitan areas. Reasons for this are multiple and complex but access to care…

Detection of classic and cryptic Strongyloides genotypes by deep amplicon sequencing: A preliminary survey of dog and human specimens collected from remote Australian communities

  • Authors: Beknazarova, Meruyert, Barratt, Joel L. N., Bradbury, Richard S., Lane, Meredith, Whiley, Harriet, Ross, Kirstin
  • Published: 2019

Strongyloidiasis is a neglected disease caused by the human infective nematodes Strongyloides stercoralis, Strongyloides fuelleborni subsp. fuelleborni and Strongyloides fuelleborni subsp. kellyi. The zoonotic potential of S. stercoralis and the…

Promoting positive self-identity in Aboriginal students: Case studies of Clontarf Academy youth living a rural community

  • Authors: Oliver, Rhonda, Exell, Mike
  • Published: 2019

Aboriginal school students, especially those living in rural and remote areas, continue to achieve below the national standard in oral language, literacy and numeracy. On leaving school their unemployment rate…

Telehealth a game changer: closing the gap in remote Aboriginal communities

  • Authors: St Clair, Marianne, Murtagh, David P, Kelly, John , Cook, Jeff
  • Published: 2019

Uptake of telehealth in the Northern Territory has been limited, for a variety of reasons including inadequate access to broadband internet.1 Through collaboration between multiple organisations — Northern Institute, Aboriginal…

Burden of skin disease in two remote primary healthcare centres in northern and central Australia

  • Authors: Thomas, Lauren, Bowen, Asha C., Ly, Marleesa, Connors, Christine, Andrews, Ross, Tong, Steven Y. C.
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (10.1111)
  • Published: 2019

The burden of skin infections across all age groups in remote Australian Indigenous communities is currently unknown. In a retrospective audit of 439 residents from two remote communities presenting to…

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