Abstract: The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) published a collection of practical case studies on the use of the intellectual property system by Indigenous communities in Australia written by Terri Janke. The publication, entitled Minding Culture: Case Studies on Intellectual Property and Traditional Cultural Expressions, gives actual examples of how industrial designs, copyright and trademarks have been used by Indigenous Australian communities to protect and promote their artworks, cultures and identities, as well as their economic interests. The case studies point out where Indigenous people found existing systems useful and where they were found inadequate. The studies also suggest policy and practical measures that could improve the protection of traditional cultural expressions by intellectual property, and other laws. The publication is a popular reference document used in the ongoing discussions of the WIPO Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore.