Abstract: The study showed that local government shire councils have a host of programs to support business and employment in their areas of jurisdiction in varying degrees. There appear to be more programs targeted specifically towards improving employment outcomes rather than stimulating business activities, although councils recognise the links between the two. Programs to support employment focus on four areas: 1. general training programs 2. youth-targeted training programs 3. Aboriginal-targeted programs 4. linked training and employment programs. Programs to support businesses fall into four areas: 1. building capacity for business owners 2. supporting business 3. supporting industry 4. engendering business-friendly policies.