Abstract: This chapter explores John Harris and Stephen Harris’s shared interest in Aboriginal languages and their intrinsic role in the maintenance of culture. The words of a rap song performed by Groote Eylandt youth say ‘We walk two roads’, a major theme of Stephen’s life work in bilingual education, what he called ‘two-way education’. The rap song also proclaims, ‘Strong language, strong mind’, naming the deep truth that language is the carrier of culture, without which culture cannot be labelled, envisioned or discussed. The chapter then goes on to consider damaged or ‘sleeping’ languages and whether they can be ‘reawakened’. A major case study demonstrates that Bible translation into the endangered Nyoongar language has prompted language recovery and raised people’s sense of identity and self-esteem.