Abstract: This report presents the findings and recommendations of three case studies of Indigenous partnerships (joint management and other arrangements) in the management of protected areas in Australia. The three case studies were chosen because of their acknowledged success in achieving productive partnerships between Indigenous people, government conservation agencies and others utilising a variety of legislative and policy mechanisms. The case studies did not seek to formally evaluate the effectiveness of protected area management, but rather to describe and understand the governance and management factors that contribute to the acknowledged success of the selected protected areas. The case studies were selected to provide examples of successful Indigenous partnerships in the management of: 1. a jointly managed national park in northern Australia; 2. a jointly managed national park in southern Australia; and 3. an Indigenous Protected Area. The case studies which were carried out in 2006 are: 1. Nitmiluk National Park (NNP), which is Aboriginal land located near Katherine in the Northern Territory, leased to the Northern Territory government and jointly managed by Jawoyn traditional owners and the Northern Territory Parks and Wildlife Service; 2. Booderee National Park (BNP), which is Aboriginal land located in Jervis Bay Territory on the coast of south-eastern Australia, leased to the Australian government and jointly managed by the Wreck Bay Aboriginal Community Council and Parks Australia; and 3. Dhimurru Indigenous Protected Area (IPA), which is Aboriginal land located adjacent to Nhulunbuy in north-eastern Arnhemland, declared as a protected area by Aboriginal traditional owners and managed by the Dhimurru Land Management Aboriginal Corporation with the support of both the Australian and Northern Territory governments.