Abstract: Background We aimed to determine whether heart, stroke, and vascular disease (HSVD) prevalence and emergency primary evacuation (EPE), hospitalisation, and mortality differ by patient characteristics. Methods An Australian-wide incidence population based study, with prospective data collected form the 1 July 2019 to the 30 October 2020. Findings Indigenous Australians reported significantly higher prevalence of HSVD at 229.0 per-1000 as compared to 152.0 per-1000 non-Indigenous Australians: risk ratio 1.5 (95% CI 1.2-1.8). 583 remote patients received an EPE for HSVD, consisting of 388 (66.6%; 95% CI: 62.6-70.4) males and 195 (33.0%; 95% CI: 29.6-37.4) females. There were 289 (49.6%; 95% CI 45.4- 53.7) patients who identified as Indigenous, and 294 (50.4%; 95% CI 46.3- 54.6) as non-Indigenous. The mean Indigenous age during EPE was 48.0 (95% CI 45.9-50.1) years old, significantly lower than the non-Indigenous mean age of 55.6 (95% CI 53.8-57.4). Indigenous patients hospitalised for HSVD were younger, the majority younger than 65 years (n=21175; 73.7% 95% CI 73.2-74.2) as compared to non-Indigenous patients (n= 357654; 33.1% 95% CI 33.0-33.15). When adjusted for HSVD prevalence, remote Indigenous patients had a higher hospitalisation rate as compared to non-remote Indigenous patients (rate ratio: 1.6; 95% CI 1.3-2.0) and remote non-Indigenous patients (rate ratio: 1.2; 95% CI 1.0-1.5). More Indigenous patients died of HSVD before the age of 65 years (n=1875; 56.5% 95% CI 54.8-58.2) as compared to non-Indigenous patients (n= 16161; 10.6% 95% CI 10.45-10.8). Interpretation Indigenous Australians have a higher prevalence, and younger age during EPE, and hospitalisation for HSVD than non-Indigenous Australians. Funding This is a self/internally-funded study, with the lead organisation being the Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS) of Australia. For the duration of the study period, the RFDS provided in-kind support including one full-time equivalent (FTE) and resources (office space, computer, research software, and office equipment). There was no external funding source that had a role in study design or data analysis or interpretation.
Gardiner, Fergus W., Rallah-Baker, Kristopher, Dos Santos, Angela, Sharma, Pritish, Churilov, Leonid, Donnan, Geoffrey A., Davis, Stephen M., Quinlan, Frank, Worley, Paul, 2021, Indigenous Australians have a greater prevalence of heart, stroke, and vascular disease, are younger at death, with higher hospitalisation and more aeromedical retrievals from remote regions, Volume:42, Journal Article, viewed 05 December 2023, https://www.nintione.com.au/?p=27862.