Abstract: How governance can be achieved in regional and remote Australia and be effective in achieving positive change is the subject of considerable discussion in Australia and internationally. This report is the result of a review of the literature on development and implementation of regional governance models. It is designed to inform the work of the Indigenous Implementation Board of the Government of Western Australia. In preparing this report, we conducted a desk-based review of the literature available. The review approached the literature by first focussing on regional examples from Australia that are relevant to its objectives plus analyses of remote and regional governance more generally. This included community case studies where they offer insights of relevance to the regional examples. Literature from outside Australia was then reviewed, seeking examples from settings where there are conditions in common with Western Australia, such as North America. The review took a wide view across the international field, including examples from Europe, Latin America, and Bangladesh. The review has concentrated on key strategic issues for consideration by the Indigenous Implementation Board. These include contemporary Aboriginal and Western perspectives on governance, vision and strategy, capacity for effective governance, engagement with local people and other sectors, monitoring, governance scale and structures. The review does not address governance systems are we consider this subject to be more operational in content that strategic. - Perspectives on governance, especially the importance of embedding governance within Aboriginal views of effective structures, processes and relationships, while ensuring that it is connected to the wider social, political and business environment. - Approaches to strategy, especially to build a long-term and fundamental grounding for regional governance that makes the key choices to define its responsibility and authority. - Strengthening capacity in a way that matches the ambition of the regional governance model, including suitable processes for building confidence, gaining access to specific skills and managing risks. This equally applies to supporting better capacity in government to relate to redrawn lines of devolved authority. - Engagement with local people and across the boundaries that lie between business, government and a new regional model and with the aim of ensuring that regional governance is outward-looking and connected to other sectors. - Monitoring and evaluation, with an emphasis on transparency of process and information. - Structures that serve strategy and are fit for purpose. Overall, the review has generated insights and analysis across a wide range of aspects of regional models of governance that we consider essential to the objectives of the Indigenous Implementation Board.
Notes: Report to the Indigenous Implementation Board, Department of Indigenous Affairs, Government of Western Australia