Abstract: In this chapter, the author examines the impacts of changes to Community Development Employment Projects (CDEPs) in the Anmatjere region of the Northern Territory, just north of Alice Springs. Taking a political science perspective, he critiques what he sees as the dominant mode of policymaking in Indigenous affairs, which is premised on a 'failure and change' style of analysis. That is, if policies and programs do not meet the high expectations placed upon them, they can quickly become labelled as failures and subject to major institutional change. While this approach is understandable, the author suggests that there is also 'a downside to this well intentioned dynamic' in that existing good practice and corporate capacity can be lost. This is clearly apparent in his analysis of the Anmatjere region CDEPs. Edited excerpt from publication.