Abstract: Only relatively recently has the extent of the mental health burden in Australia been truly appreciated. The beginning of this change was seen in the 1993 report of the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission. At this time the report highlighted that an estimated three to six billion dollars was spent per annum on mental health problems. In 1996 these findings were further supported. Using disability adjusted life years to measure global burden, the Global Buren of Disease Report showed that five of the ten leading causes of disability are caused by mental disorders. In Australia this accounted for 43% of disability and 22% of the total burden of disease. The key findings from these global reports lead to the 1999, Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing, which showed the true extent of the burden. Close to one in five Australian adults experienced an anxiety, affective or substance-use disorder and only one third of adults with a mental disorder sought professional help. As of 2009, mental health is one of Australia’s nine National Health Priority Areas, however there are still areas of research and action that are lacking, especially in non-metropolitan cohorts. This paper aims at reviewing current literature of mental health and wellbeing in University students from or located in non-metropolitan areas of Australia.