Underestimation of risk for large babies in rural and remote Australia: Time to change plasma glucose collection protocols

Underestimation of risk for large babies in rural and remote Australia: Time to change plasma glucose collection protocols Journal Article

Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology

  • Author(s): Jamieson, Emma L., Spry, Erica P., Kirke, Andrew B., Roxburgh, Carly, Atkinson, David N., Marley, Julia V.
  • Published: 2021
  • Volume: 23
  • ISBN: 2214-6237

Abstract: Aims Preanalytical glycolysis in oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) leads to substantial underestimation of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hence risk for large-for-gestational-age (LGA) babies. This paper quantified the impact of glycolysis on identification of LGA risk in a prospective rural and remote Australian cohort. Methods For 495 women, OGTT results from room temperature fluoride-oxalate (FLOX) tubes were algorithmically corrected for estimated glycolysis compared to 1) the Hyperglycaemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes (HAPO) study protocol (FLOX tubes in ice-slurry); and 2) room temperature fluoride-citrate (FC) tubes. GDM was defined by International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria. Unadjusted and corrected OGTT were related to LGA outcome. Results Correction for FC tubes increased GDM incidence from 9.7% to 44.6%. After correction for HAPO protocol, GDM incidence was 27.7% and prediction of LGA risk (RR 1.82, [1.11–2.99]) improved compared to unadjusted rates (RR 1.12, [0.51–2.47]). To provide similar results for FC tube correction (29.3% GDM; RR 1.81, [1.11–2.96]) required + 0.2 mmol/L adjustment of IADPSG criteria. Conclusions

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Suggested Citation
Jamieson, Emma L., Spry, Erica P., Kirke, Andrew B., Roxburgh, Carly, Atkinson, David N., Marley, Julia V., 2021, Underestimation of risk for large babies in rural and remote Australia: Time to change plasma glucose collection protocols, Volume:23, Journal Article, viewed 13 June 2024, https://www.nintione.com.au/?p=23092.

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