Abstract: Part 1. Populate and prosper: understanding the connections between economics, business and population in Australia Part 2. How many footprints on the wide brown land? The environmental dimensions of population policy Part 3. Migration, fertitlity and cultural life: population policy and the evolution of Australian identity Conclusion. The contours of the debate: agreements, disagreements and the barriers to a meaningful population policy The Population Summit 2002 communiqué.