Abstract: Overview Patches of remnant vegetation, habitat or plant and animal communities rarely fall neatly within the designated boundaries of any local government area. In addition, land-use practices in one area can have major impacts on the vegetation and wildlife of neighbouring or even distant areas. For this reason, successful conservation of biodiversity is dependent on a regional approach, which requires the development of strong cooperative partnerships between government bodies, the community, private industry and educational institutions. This shift to a regional approach is demonstrated in the nation-wide implementation of the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality (NAP), and the Natural Heritage Trust (NHT). Fifty-seven natural resource management (NRM) regions have been identified by the Australian, State and Territory governments to facilitate natural resource management across Australia. Regional NRM Bodies (such as Catchment Management Authorities) prepare an Integrated Natural Resource Management Plan for each region, identifying the priorities for on-ground action. Investments under NAP and the NHT are guided by accredited regional plans. Councils should contact their Regional NRM Body to ensure effective local government participation in regional planning processes. To find out more about NRM and Regions, go to the NRM web site www.nrm.gov.au. The establishment of strategic alliances between neighbouring councils will also help identify regional priorities for natural resource management and prevent wastage of local government resources in duplication and "reinventing the wheel". Biodiversity conservation is a common council objective, whether in outback Western Australia or metropolitan Sydney. Ideas and support could be shared to ensure we all achieve a satisfactory outcome.