Abstract: This chapter claims that collaboative management based on the theory and practice of recognising indigenous local authority for resource management decision making, offers a valuable mechanism by which conventional geographical and cultural understandings can be decolonised and localised. Also stating that collaborative management arrangements often fail to acknowledge the unique physical and cultural components of indigenous land and seascapes; not addressing differences between cultures, including the criteria for decision-making authority and responsibility; ignoring the dimensions of a continuing history of significant power imbalance faced by indigenous groups when dealing with governments and non-indigenous resource users; these experiences continue to marginalise indigenous people and ignore indigenous rights to a variety of places, environments and resources. This chapter focuses on one initiative, the Yolngu community organisation set up in response to increased coastal degradation associated with the nearby Nabalco bauxite mine. The Yolngu is an organisation set up as part of the Dhimurru Land Management Aboriginal Corporation ("Dhimurru"). It aims to ensure that Yolngu authority for resource management decision making provides the template for contemporary agreements. Under native title regimes, indigenous community institutions like Dhimurru provide fertile ground for innovative management dialogue and partnerships.