Abstract: This paper provides a general profile of Nepabunna and its environs. It discusses some of the general features that contribute to sustainability, such as water supply, food, energy and employment. We then focus on the people issues, which seem to be the biggest threat for the sustainability of the region. In particular, suitable employment and education have always been a problem, but the small size of the community is now posing a threat, since there are many unwanted consequences that come from having a small community. We argue that the actual population that supports Nepabunna and that calls it home is much bigger than Census data indicate, and that governments should take that into account when judging whether a small community is too small for essential services.