Abstract: This chapter is concerned with the relationality of law and politics in historical and contemporary expressions of colonial sovereignty in the Northern Territory of Australia and how this weaves webs of control over Indigenous peoples’ lives. It illustrates the inter-disciplinary exercise of colonial carceral control, encompassing ‘welfare carceralism’, ‘protectionist carceralism’ and ‘penal carceralism’. In doing so, it delves deeper than the current focus on mass imprisonment to demonstrate that incarceration has a long colonial lineage. It concludes that a relational analysis—of place, time and disciplines—opens up a broader understanding of structural colonial oppression and Indigenous resurgence that challenges colonial carceralism through self-determination. It does this through the lens of the Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory.