Abstract: This working paper presents the results of a review undertaken as part of the Desert Knowledge Cooperative Research Centre Livelihoods inLand™ research project. One of the elements of potential demand for desert people to work in natural and cultural resource management comes from government agencies which have responsibility for aspects of natural and cultural resource management. The paper examines the portfolio of the Northern Territory Department of Natural Resources, Environment, the Arts and Sport (NRETAS), including both statutory and nonstatutory activities, to identify tasks currently being undertaken by departmental staff which could potentially be outsourced. The paper specifically looks at what existing tasks are readily contractible or easily outsourced without major organisational change with specific reference to two case study areas in central Australia: Ntaria-Tjuwanpa and Anmatjere. Some of those functions that are already outsourced are also documented. Also documented are potential activities not currently undertaken by NRETAS due to capacity constraints and related prioritisation which would be useful additions to conserving and enhancing the Northern Territory’s natural and cultural assets if they were to be funded. Some such activities could be undertaken to support broader government goals of developing the economies and capacities of remote communities. The study concludes that the quantum of activity that could be outsourced within any one region is small; that the best initial opportunities must be targeted and are likely to be associated directly with parks and reserves; and indirectly with assisting ranger groups through training which enables them to undertake work for third parties.