Abstract: How do we produce architecture that responds to the extremes of climate and culture within the context of remote Western Australian Indigenous desert communities? ‘Extremes of culture’ refers to the radically different lifestyles and belief systems of our clients, both in respect to our own backgrounds and experiences as designers, and the differences between ‘cultures’ within an Indigenous community and between different Indigenous communities. For instance, the needs and aspirations of a young Martu family at Kunawarritiji are different to that of their grandparents, and from those of a young Spinifex family at Tjuntjuntjara. ‘Extremes of climate’ refers to the harsh natural environments of these remote locations, to the extreme heat during summer, and to the very cold temperatures of winter nights. The physicality of the landscape in each community has a profound effect on how families shape their camps and dwellings, and generally means that different parts of a dwelling are designed to respond to the dynamic nature of these environments within the timeframe of a day or a season.