Abstract: Questions exist as to whether the delivery of health and environmental services to remote Australia is adequate. This is particularly so in regard to Aboriginal people living on their traditional country. The respective State, Northern Territory and Commonwealth governments are looking at how the delivery of these services might be improved. At the same time, increasing recognition is given to the health benefits that Aboriginal people obtain through the provision of environmental services – looking after country through activities such as controlling feral animals and traditional patch burning. Improved health outcomes may arise from the impact of engagement in looking after country, in the longer term from the psychosocial determinants of health, and from the more immediate impacts of improved diet and exercise. Further, Aboriginal capacity to look after country and to participate in the wider economy is expected to increase as a result of improved health. There has been little attempt to look at the economic advantages and possible improvements in health and environmental outcomes obtainable through the joint supply of health and environmental services. Because of the social determinants of health, the joint supply of these services can result in benefits including improved psychological and social wellbeing, increased income, and increased involvem ent in constructive activities with a related decrease in drug taking and other forms of destructive behaviour. The economic implications of these relationships and means of achieving them are reviewed in this paper.