Abstract: This paper provides a general profile of Pukatja (Ernabella) and its surroundings. It discusses some of the general features that contribute to sustainability, such as water, fuel, distance and employment. While these are certainly sustainability issues for the region, the paper discusses more of the social or ‘people’ issues for sustainability, which the authors believe are more urgent. For this region we believe the main problems for sustainability are those of the large youth population and lack of resources to engage them, and the constant changes in government policies and services that disrupt any ongoing planning and can set community members against one another. It is difficult for communities to plan ahead when there is a long history of everything being changed within a year or two. This is especially a problem with service provision, even though service provision is essential for sustainability.