Abstract: Radiation recall is an uncommon phenomenon describing an acute localised inflammatory toxicity affecting tissue previously exposed to radiotherapy. It is precipitated by administration of certain medications, including chemotherapy. We describe a case involving a 50-year-old Aboriginal male smoker from a remote community in Northern Australia who underwent treatment for stage IV non-small cell lung cancer with localised radiotherapy to the primary right upper lung lobe tumour. This was followed by a course of gemcitabine, which was ceased prematurely after four cycles when he presented with radiation recall to his right pectoralis major. Our case description is complemented with a brief review of current literature regarding our case and gemcitabine-related radiation recall. This was in the context of concurrent musculoskeletal strain, an as-yet unreported association with radiation recall. His condition settled with steroid administration and discontinuation of gemcitabine.