Abstract: The idea of pathways indicates many possible journeys to some destination or outcome. Hence, even if everyone agreed that Indigenous school leavers should be moving towards ‘productive’ employment, it is not easy to talk about ‘what works’ as there are different paths that may suit different people. Indeed given the diverse educational and life experiences of Indigenous people, it would be folly to suggest that there was one path that suits everyone. In any case, as the old joke goes, ‘the shortest distance between two points is always under construction’. This resource sheet focuses on the ‘detours’ that can enhance (or obstruct) the attainment of productive employment outcomes.