Abstract: This Report is part of a process to develop practical reform proposals for the improved recognition and protection of indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property. it contains findings and recommendations developed out of extensive consultations with ATSIC s Indigenous Reference Group and other interested parties, and in light of feedback received as submissions to the Discussion Paper. The Discussion Paper, Our Culture: Our Future, which put forward proposals for the improved recognition and protection of Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property, was released in July 1997. The Discussion Paper identified and outlined some issues and proposed solutions raised in submissions received in response to the following previous government inquiries: _ Stopping the Ripoffs: Intellectual Property Protection for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. _ The House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs Inquiry into Culture and Heritage. _ Social Justice Reports and findings from the consultation process conducted by ATSIC, the Office of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner, and the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation. The Discussion Paper was sent to various Indigenous organisations, industry bodies and government organisations seeking responses to various reform options for the improved recognition and protection of Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property. The paper also aimed to inform Indigenous peoples about the current laws and international developments which effect their rights to use and control their cultural and intellectual property. A total of 70 submissions were received in response to the Our Culture: Our Future Discussion Paper. A full list of respondents is included in Appendix 2.