Abstract: The IETA Report 2009 is the first in a series of reports required under Section 17A of the Indigenous Education (Targeted Assistance) Act 2000 (IETA), amended in 2008, to deal specifically with performance and financial reporting undertaken through national programs and projects funded under the Act. The 2008 amendments to Section 17A reduced the elements required to be reported to the Australian Parliament through this Report. The annual IETA Report tracks the progress of national programs and projects funded through IETA. Data and information concerning these national programs and projects are provided through annual performance reports agreed and required under each education provider’s Indigenous Education Agreement. The IETA Report 2009, covers the national programs and projects across the four education sectors – preschool, schooling, vocational education and training and higher education. Interspersed through the Report are several case studies highlighting the activities of some education providers both across education sectors and across geographical locations. A section on expended IETA financial data by each contracted provider concludes this report.