Abstract: The chapter explores the research processes and outcomes and some of my own personal experiences in a collaborative community-based research project at Yirrkala. Yolŋu elders, a younger generation of Yolŋu educators, and non-local educators and teacher-educators initially undertook a research project to improve mathematics education for Yolŋu students and ended up transforming the way education was delivered at Yirrkala. Where does Stephen Harris fit in you might wonder? Firstly, he was a leading light in theorising the unique kind of bilingual educationBilingual education under development in the Northern Territory. He went on to support communities in their efforts to transform the bilingual education program. His advocacy and his efforts to make these programs theoretically rigorous and accepted at a system level gave us a framework to work with, and a platform to debate educational issues pertaining to the development of ‘bothways’ education.