Kidney disease in Aboriginal Australians: a perspective from the Northern Territory

Kidney disease in Aboriginal Australians: a perspective from the Northern Territory Journal Article

Clinical Kidney Journal

  • Author(s): Hoy, Wendy E.
  • Published: 2014
  • Volume: 7

Abstract: This article outlines the increasing awareness, service development and research in renal disease in Aboriginal people in Australia's Northern Territory, among whom the rates of renal replacement therapy (RRT) are among the highest in the world. Kidney failure and RRT dominate the intellectual landscape and consume the most professional energy, but the underlying kidney disease has recently swung into view, with increasing awareness of its connection to other chronic diseases and to health profiles and trajectories more broadly. Albuminuria is the marker of the underlying kidney disease and the best treatment target, and glomerulomegaly and focal glomerulosclerosis are the defining histologic features. Risk factors in its multideterminant genesis reflect nutritional and developmental disadvantage and inflammatory/infectious milieu, while the major putative genetic determinants still elude detection. A culture shift of “chronic disease prevention” has been catalyzed in part by the human pain, logistic problems and great costs associated with RRT. Nowadays chronic disease management is the central focus of indigenous primary care, with defined protocols for integrated testing and management of chronic diseases and with government reimbursed service items and free medicines for people in remote areas. Blood pressure, cardiovascular risk and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are all mitigated by good treatment, which centres on renin-angiotensin system blockade and good metabolic control. RRT incidence rates appear to be stabilizing in remote Aboriginal people, and chronic disease deaths rates are falling. However, the profound levels of disadvantage in many remote settings remain appalling, and there is still much to be done, mostly beyond the direct reach of health services.

Cite this document

Suggested Citation
Hoy, Wendy E., 2014, Kidney disease in Aboriginal Australians: a perspective from the Northern Territory, Volume:7, Journal Article, viewed 07 August 2022, https://www.nintione.com.au/?p=2793.

Endnote Mendeley Zotero Export Google Scholar

Share this page

Search again