Abstract: • Globalisation and changes in agriculture have resulted in major social changes in inland Australia. • Depopulation of the inland has led many to speculate on the future of rural towns and rural people. • There are population drifts from country towns to cities and from the inland to the coastal regions. • The demographics of several small towns in central New South Wales have been the subject of intensive study during 2000 and 2001. • There has been work done in relation to young people, employment opportunities, education access and social capital. • There is a future for rural towns, but it is dependent on the support of governments, attention to infrastructure and regional development.