Abstract: Indigenous land and sea management, also referred to as ‘caring for country’, includes a wide range of environmental, natural resource and cultural heritage management activities undertaken by individuals, groups and organisations across Australia for customary, community, conservation and commercial reasons. These activities have their origins in the holistic relationships between traditional Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies and their customary land and sea estates—or ‘country’—that have evolved over at least 50,000 years. Increasing formal involvement of Indigenous peoples was highlighted in the 2011 Australia—state of the environment report as one of four standout trends in environmental management over the past decade. These formal roles mean Indigenous land management (ILM) requires cross-cultural engagement with non-Indigenous land management and managers. This report, commissioned by the Indigenous Working Group of the Australian Landcare Council to build the capacity of Landcare, presents the findings of a review of the extent, scope and diversity of ILM across Australia, and the associated success factors and barriers, together with best practice examples. Key drivers of Indigenous land management activities are as follows: – Customary obligations for management and use of country – Indigenous leadership at multiple levels of decision making -- Markets for land management and associated goods and services -- Recognition of Indigenous rights and interests in land through title and agreements – Movement towards Indigenous and co-managed conservation areas -- Investments for improved environmental and cultural heritage outcomes
Hill, R., Pert, P.L., Davies, J., Robinson, C.J., Walsh, F., Falco-Mammone, F., 2013, Indigenous Land Management in Australia. Extent, scope, diversity, barriers and success factors, Report, viewed 08 August 2022, https://www.nintione.com.au/?p=2613.