Abstract: This report presents ideas for achieving better community consultation, as a strategic arm of the reform of the plan making system in NSW. Note: much of the material in this two-part report is drawn from previous work by Carson & Martin (1999) and Carson (1999). Part 1: Principles This section identifies a range of challenges facing plan makers as they try to integrate public input into the plan making process, and help communities identify with and participate in complex procedures of government. This section has three main ideas: i) Engaging principles for effective community consultation ii) Collaboration iii) Basing consultation methods on a four-step model This section also deals with 'selection of participants' and the specific challenges at State, Regional and local levels. Part 2: Procedures This section describes a range of consultative methods which complement the Principles from part 1. Both the Principles and Procedures offer flexible options for enhancing community consultation in the planning process.