Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Study objectives were: 1) to describe the differences in the prevalence of CHD risk factors between Aboriginal people in a remote community and the general Australian population; and 2) to compare the predicted risks of CHD events between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: 681 Aboriginal adults aged 25 to 74 years. RESULTS: Aboriginal young adults had substantially higher prevalence of diabetes compared to non-Aboriginal Australians. The prevalence ratios for diabetes were 12.5, 5.6, 3.2, 1.3, and 0.73 for 25-, 35-, 45-, 55-, and 65- to 74-year-old females, respectively. The corresponding values for males were 12.1, 2.7, 2.9, 0.69, and 0.42. Young females had a higher prevalence of obesity, overweight, and abnormal waist circumference, while males and females 45 years and older tended to have a lower prevalence of overweight and abnormal waist circumference. Compared to the general population, Aboriginal adults had a lower prevalence of abnormal total cholesterol but a higher prevalence of abnormal HDL, triglycerides, hypertension, and smoking. The risk ratios of abnormal total cholesterol for females ages 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, and 65-75 years were 0.38, 0.53, 0.48, 0.48, and 0.41, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Aboriginal people in the remote community experienced different levels of CHD risk predictors from the general Australian population. They had a lower prevalence of abnormal total cholesterol and a higher prevalence of abnormal HDL, smoking, diabetes, and hypertension.
Wang, Zhiqiang, Hoy, Wendy E., 2003, Hypertension, dyslipidemia, body mass index, diabetes and smoking status in Aboriginal Australians in a remote community, Volume:13, Journal Article, viewed 08 August 2022, https://www.nintione.com.au/?p=14464.