Abstract: This project examined housing market dynamics in four resource boom towns in the states of Western Australia and Queensland. The project considered the impact of housing shortages particularly on low income and Indigenous groups, and identified key factors facilitating or limiting housing supply. The challenges of managing the housing implications of mining activity include the diversity in the scale and nature of the industry and its impacts; the cyclical and often unpredictable nature of the industry; the propensity for mining to be located in regional and remote areas; changing technology and labour market practices and differences in policy and institutional arrangements across Australian jurisdictions. Successful housing strategies in mining communities require coordinated action by all spheres of government as well as the mining and residential property industries. The sustainability and liveability of resource boom towns would be enhanced if the design and planning of a town was taken with an eye to permanence and diversification of the economic base underpinning the local community.