Abstract: At every stage, research with and about Indigenous peoples must be founded on a process of meaningful engagement and reciprocity between the researcher and the Indigenous people. AIATSIS Guidelines for Ethical Research in Australian Indigenous Studies (GERAIS) were founded in 2000 with the aim of guaranteeing this process and the respect of Indigenous people’s rights. The guidelines have been revised to reflect developments in critical areas that have emerged since previous editions. These include changes to intellectual property laws, rights in traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions, and the establishment of agreements and protocols between Indigenous people and researchers. The latest edition, published in 2012, embodies the best standards of ethical research and human rights. These guidelines also take into account emerging developments in digitisation, data and information management, and the very significant impacts this has on research and other aspects of Indigenous studies. AIATSIS recognises that it has responsibility as a leading institution in Australian Indigenous studies to provide and facilitate ethics guidelines as an essential tool to inform all research in this area.