Abstract: The North Australian Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance (NAILSMA) is committed to improving the wellbeing and livelihoods of Indigenous Australians across northern Australia through supporting natural and cultural resource development and management activities. The goal is to promote and assist management and development on Indigenous land and sea estates in ways that are environmentally, culturally, socially and economically sustainable. This booklet provides advice and guidance to researchers wishing to undertake research in Indigenous communities, particularly in natural and cultural resource management. It contains: 1. A brief summary of the research context in relation to management and research approaches; 2. NAILSMA’s requirements for research approval, which include: • Compliance with the requirements of Indigenous partner organisations and Land Owners; • Adherence as appropriate to the NAILSMA checklist of favoured research; • Adherence to the AIATSIS Guidelines; • Compliance with the application and ethical clearance requirements of sponsoring institutions; and, • Adherence to legislative permit requirements of the relevant state or territory; 3. An Appendix: The Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) Guidelines for Ethical Research in Indigenous Studies.