Abstract: The review of regional NRM plans is a discrete piece of work that forms part of a broader benchmarking or evaluation of regional planning arrangements for natural resource management. The broader evaluation was undertaken between late 2003 and early 2005. The principal information inputs to undertake the evaluation to date includes: • Interviews with key informants involved in regional NRM, • observations of regional planning forums, • workshop with regional planners who prepared the plans • desktop reviews of regional NRM plans, and • analysis of the policy and program environment in Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland. Each method provides an insight into particular components of regional NRM arrangements. These methods were then synthesised to track progress of regional planning arrangements and evaluate this progress against the criteria. This review concentrated on plans only and should be read in conjunction with other reports, which analyse planning and decision-making processes.