Abstract: In 1999, The Fred Hollows Foundation (FHF) commenced discussions with the Jawoyn Association in the Katherine region of the Northern Territory about entering into a partnership to develop a program to improve nutrition in remote communities in the region. The need for improved nutrition in remote communities was well established. Rather than establishing and delivering a nutrition program itself or providing funding for one, The Foundation was seeking a long-term relationship with an appropriate organisation in which it would play the role of partner and broker. It also sought to establish a program, based on a development approach, in which The Foundation would support community initiatives and capacity, and respond flexibly to requests for assistance. The purpose of the study was to research the structural elements that impede better nutrition in the communities, and to examine the current capacity to measure and monitor health impacts that might arise as the result of intervention. The specific terms of reference of the study were to examine and discuss: • the capacity to establish key health and social indicators for the Jawoyn and the means by which these may be measured over time; • the key structural impediments to the provision of better nutrition, particularly in relation to community stores; and the structure and delivery of services to the Jawoyn people and other Aboriginal people residing on Jawoyn land; • possible options to address the structural impediments; and • the possible policy options that could be adopted.