Abstract: Issue addressed: As part of a project addressing the nutritional health of Aboriginal people in western New South Wales (NSW), various environmental issues which may influence food habits were researched. Environmental issues researched included the extent and type of external advertising, food price and availability and takeaway food outlets. Methods: Four communities in western NSW participated in the study. The number, type and size dimensions were observed for all external advertising within the participating towns. The managers of takeaway food outlets within the participating towns were interviewed in relation to attitudes to adopting healthier food alternatives, food preparation practices and food marketing. The price and availability of food in the participating communities were recorded and compared to Woolworths in a larger regional centre. Results: Approximately 90 per cent of advertising focuses on unhealthy food options such as alcohol, soft drinks, takeaway foods and ice-cream. The majority of takeaway food shops do not wish to introduce healthier foods to their menus. The range of average prices for the selected food products was higher than those offered by a national food chain. So what? Recommendations have been formulated for each of these areas to improve nutritional status of Aboriginal people living in western NSW. Those recommendations complement the work of the Aboriginal Nutrition Project.