Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Oral cancers caused by chewing betel nuts have a poor prognosis. Using a lay health advisor (LHA) can increase access to health care among underprivileged populations. This study evaluated a health belief model (HBM) intervention using LHAs for oral cancer screening (OCS) and mouth self-examination (MSE) in remote aboriginal communities. METHODS: The participants were randomly assigned to intervention (IG; n = 171) and control groups (CG; n = 176). In the IG, participants received a three-chapter one-on-one teaching course from LHAs, whereas those in the CG received only a leaflet. RESULTS: The IG participants were 2.04 times more likely to conduct a monthly MSE than those in the CG (95% confidence interval: 1.31-3.17) and showed significantly higher self-efficacy levels toward OSC and MSE (β = 0.53 and 0.44, effect size = 0.33 and 0.25, respectively) and a lower barrier level for OSC (β = -1.81, effect size = -0.24). CONCLUSION: The LHA intervention had a significantly positive effect on MSE, strengthening self-efficacy and reducing barriers to OCS among aboriginal populations. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The effectiveness of the clinical treatment of underprivileged group can be improved through early diagnosis, which can be achieved using LHAs to reduce barriers to OSC.
Lee, H., Ho, P. S., Wang, W. C., Hu, C. Y., Lee, C. H., Huang, H. L., 2019, Effectiveness of a health belief model intervention using a lay health advisor strategy on mouth self-examination and cancer screening in remote aboriginal communities: A randomized controlled trial, Volume:102, Journal Article, viewed 28 November 2023, https://www.nintione.com.au/?p=28350.