Abstract: A cost-benefit analysis based on a bio-economic model was carried out to evaluate specific feral camel control strategies in the central region of the Northern Territory (NT). Based on expert opinion obtained through a series of workshops and meetings, and with a view to achieving the NT Integrated Natural Resources Management (INRM) Plan goal by 2020, specific control strategies for feral camels in the central region of the NT were identified. Two different aerial control strategies were modelled. Strategy 1 involved annual removals, while Strategy 2 involved periodic removals only when a specific feral camel density was reached. The direct economic benefits for the pastoral industry of feral camel control were also modelled in terms of reduced grazing competition together with infrastructure damage. A single environmental service related to reduced methane emissions was further considered. Although cultural values and other environmental services are also likely to be important, their modelling was beyond the scope of this study. Consequently, the analysis carried out in this report does not account for these values.