Abstract: The aim of the code is to raise long-term basic living standards in discrete Indigenous Communities. The objective is to develop the most appropriate infrastructure for each community with this code of practice providing guidelines to achieve this objective. The IEHCC intends that the effective adoption and ongoing implementation of the revised Code of Practice for Housing and Infrastructure in Western Australian Indigenous Communities (COP) will raise basic living standards for the long-term in Discrete Indigenous Settlements (DISs) by undertaking ‘best practice’ delivery of infrastructure development projects in Western Australia. The objective therefore is to develop the most appropriate infrastructure for each DIS, with this COP providing guidelines toward that end. The result of ongoing implementation of the revised COP will be improvements in the design and delivery of housing and environmental health related infrastructure in Indigenous communities throughout WA. This is fundamental toward normalising housing and infrastructure service delivery to Indigenous communities. The capacity in each DIS to operate and maintain proposed housing and infrastructure remains an issue, which the COP highlights as a need that must be considered when planning a development project. These improvements are crucial to raising basic living standards and to achieve sustainable improvements in Indigenous environmental health outcomes. The need to improve Indigenous people’s environmental health is a national objective that has been adopted by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG). In 2002 COAG agreed to the development of a key set of indicators of Indigenous disadvantage against which to measure outcomes and to report regularly on progress. ‘Effective environmental health systems’ is one of the seven key strategic areas for action under the COAG framework. The first national report was produced in 2003, with the State report released in 2005: Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage in Western Australia, Key Indicators 2005.