Abstract: Northern and remote Australia contains some of the highest conservation value landscapes and environmental assets in Australia, including Ramsar wetlands, important aquatic and coastal environments and savannas. These environments cross state and territory borders and are important for their biodiversity, habitat connectivity, agricultural productivity, water resources and cultural values. Due to the large geographical scope and cross-cutting issues, a targeted and collaborative approach is required for environmental investments. Partnerships with Indigenous Australians have delivered successful outcomes for the environment, capacity-building, social welfare and employment. These partnerships have enabled local communities to take actions in their region, such as controlling invasive species, adopting sustainable grazing practices, using traditional ecological knowledge in land and sea management and reducing the incidence of unmanaged fires through traditional fire management. Such regimes protect essential ecosystem services and the unique values of the land. These activities contribute to both Natural Resource Management (NRM) and Closing the Gap on Indigenous disadvantage.