Abstract: Electricity demand and supply in Australia is reported for the major energy grid systems but relatively little is known about electricity in regional and remote areas. Throughout this study off-grid electricity will refer to electricity generated and consumed outside of the National Electricity Market (NEM) and the South West Interconnected System (SWIS), including the smaller grid systems of the Pilbara, Darwin to Katherine and Mt Isa areas. There is a growing interest among the public and private sectors in the size and composition of Australia’s off-grid energy markets but there is a lack of detailed data available. An accurate assessment of the size and composition of the off-grid energy market would allow opportunities in the market to be identified and inform public policy, planning and private investment. This study identifies that the use of renewable energy resources is currently very low in the off-grid energy market, suggesting there is scope for greater use of renewable energy supply in these areas. The objective of this study is to bring together existing information on off-grid electricity, from a variety of sources, to provide a comprehensive snapshot of off-grid electricity demand and supply in 2011-12.