Abstract: Attracting and retaining skilled and professional staff is a problem not limited to remote, or even rural and regional locations in Australia. There is strong evidence to suggest that it is increasingly a global problem and organisations throughout the world are seeking innovative strategies to attract and develop new talent and develop other strategies to retain that talent. The attraction and retention of skilled and professional staff to a community is critical if it is to remain vibrant and self-sufficient, and hence able to sustain itself into the future. Attracting skilled and professional staff to Australian remote conditions has not been made easier by the Australian government policies which have been oriented to stringent neo-liberal economic policy for the last three decades. This has meant that services and infrastructure have been rationalised based on efficiency rather than equity. The under-provision of infrastructure is a hallmark of non-metropolitan Australia and its lack both pushes people out of communities and turns people off going there for any length of time. It was apparent in this project that attraction and retention strategies continually fall to community and industry groups.