Abstract: Because they are established and widespread, feral camels are one of the 73 or so species of introduced vertebrates occurring on mainland Australia that do not meet the criteria to justify eradication effort. For such species, the management options are containment, control, or no management (Australian Pest Animal Strategy 2007). We need to manage feral camels in Australia because the deleterious impacts of the species on pastoral production, the environment, and on social and cultural values are evident at current population densities over many parts of the camel’s range (see Edwards et al. 2008). Furthermore, the current estimated population of about one million feral camels is doubling every 8–10 years (Edwards et al. 2004, Saalfeld & Edwards 2008) and it is presumed that impacts will increase along with the population (Edwards et al. 2008). Management of the impacts of pest animals should be informed by a risk management approach and be strategic in determining where management should occur, at what time, and what techniques should be used (Australian Pest Animal Strategy 2007). It requires coordination at the appropriate scale among all levels of government in partnership with industry, land managers, and the community (Australian Pest Animal Strategy 2007).